- Leaves simple, alternate, distichous, often serrate.
- Leaf often weakly 3-veined with unequally lobed base.
- Petioles not swollen at apex.
- Stringy bark.
- Only simple hairs, these often scratchy on leaf upperside.
- Flowers small, without petals, unisexual.
- Fruit small, with fleshy rind and one seed.
Diagnosis: Trees and climbers, with free stipules, stringy bark without mucilage, leaves simple, alternate, distichous, venation subpalmate or 3-veined, serrate except Ampelocera, base unequal or lobed, often with scratchy simple hairs.
|Betulaceae||: glabrous, two teeth per lateral vein, rare.
|Flacourtiaceae||: hairs not scratchy on leaf upperside, some with translucent dots or spines.
|Ochnaceae||: lateral veins strongly ascending with parallel intersecondary veins, glabrous.
|Rhamnaceae||: no scratchy hairs on leaf upperside, rare.
|Ticodendraceae||: stipule scar circles twig, glabrous.
|Urticaceae||: hairs not scratchy on leaf upperside, leaves usually spiraled.
Diversity: Total: 4 genera, 4 species. Trees: 3 genera, 3 species.