- Leaves alternate and simple, lobed, or palmately compound
- often with petiole swollen at apex and 3-veined
- with stipules
- petiole or leaf base often with nectar glands
- usually with white or clear latex
- flowers unisexual, plants monoecious or dioecious
- style usually 3-branched
- fruits often three-lobed with 3 cells
Diagnosis: Trees with white or clear latex, with free stipules, leaves alternate, simple, rarely palmately lobed, often with nectar glands on petiole or base of blade, some 3-veined and petiole long with double pulvinus, some with stellate hairs or peltate scales.
Local distribution: Widespread.
|Asteraceae||: no stipules or nectar glands.
|Caricaceae||: no stipules or nectar glands.
|Flacourtiaceae||: no latex, most without nectar glands, some with translucent yellow dots and dashes.
Diversity: Total: 19 genera, 55 species. Trees: 14 genera, 40 species.
Comments: Sterile plants can be especially difficult to distinguish from Flacourts.