Witheringia maculata (C. V. Morton & Standl.) Hunz.
SolanaceaePotato Family

Flower
Flower
Fruit
Fruit
Fruiting habit
Fruiting habit



Identification
  - herb with large paired leaves, dense simple hairs
  - large downward-pointing cream-yellow flowers, green spots inside
  - red 12 mm berries

Description: Herb, 0.5-1 m, all parts with long erect simple hairs; leaves paired, petioles to 5 cm, blades to 12 x 17 cm, ovate, base rounded to weakly lobed, bullate; flowers on long-lived inflorescence to 5 cm long, arising between leaf pairs, calyx cup-like and hairy, splitting irregularly, corolla to 35 mm across, lobes to 17 mm long, cream-yellow with purple shading and green spotting at base inside, hairy outside, glabrous inside; fruit with pedicels to 4 cm, berry bright red, glabrous, to 15 mm diameter; seeds 1.5 mm, flattened, beige.

Similar species
Witheringia solanacea

Local distribution: Cloud forest on both slopes.

Species range: Costa Rica and Panama

Habitat: High light places in cloud forest such as light gaps, trails and road margins.

Phenology: Flower: mar-may. Fruit: may, jul-aug.

Pollinators: Large flies?

Seed dispersers: Birds

Comments: Apparently similar plants from the cloud forest have flowers with slightly different color patterns- one with green spotting and little purple inside, the other without spots and with more extensive purple around the base of the lobes inside. The second type may be W. macrantha. I have observed large flies visiting the flowers in a hughly determined and experienced way.



Credits: Images and text copyright 2002-2006 by William A. Haber, http://efg.cs.umb.edu/