Solanum trizygum Bitter
SolanaceaePotato Family

Fruiting habit
Fruiting habit

  - herb to 1.5 m, forest gaps and edge
  - small green-white flowers with yellow-green anthers
  - erect spindle-shaped fruit with bumpy surface

Description: Herb, 0.5-1.5 m; usually with a single stem branching well above base; leaves pinnate, glabrous, 3-9 lanceolate leaflets to 12 cm long, often dark velvety green above with purple underside; inflorescneces axillary, 1-2 cm; flowers with pedicels 4-8 mm, calyx 1-2 mm, corolla 4-8 mm, pale green to green-white or yellow-green, anthers yellow-green; fruit about 2 x 3 cm tall, teardrop-shaped, green to green-white.

Similar species

Local distribution: Extending from the Atlantic lowlands up to 1700 m and down to 900 m on the Pacific slope, confined to wetter microhabitats on the drier Pacific side.

Species range: Guatemala to Colombia, Venezuela, and Peru

Habitat: Forest understory and edge, especially in light gaps and along sunny trails and streams within forest.

Oleria vicina

Phenology: Flower: jan-feb, apr-jun (anytime of year). Fruit: during and immediately following flowering (jun).

Pollinators: Bees

Seed dispersers: Unknown

Comments: A quite distinctive member of the forest understory because of its compound leaves with deep purple undersides.

Credits: Images and text copyright 2002-2006 by William A. Haber,