- small shrubs with swollen nodes, crowded leaves, short petioles
- small white flowers on very short inflorescences
- round yellow-green fruit
Description: A shrub mature at 0.5 m, rarely more than 1 m tall, little branched, nodes swollen; leaves distichous, paired, to 10 x 20 cm long, obovate, acute, the minor leaves much smaller than the majors, petioles and internodes short so that leaves are crowded and cover the stem, glabrous except for erect small hairs on the veins below; flowers with white corolla 6-9 mm across, yellow anthers on short, few-flowered inflorescence opposite the leaves; fruit to 12 mm, globose, yellow-green at maturity.
Local distribution: Pacific slope cloud forest and Atlantic slope to the lowlands.
Species range: Nicaragua to northern South America
Habitat: Forest understory, especially in sheltered wet places.
Phenology: Flower: mar-apr, jun-jul, dec. Fruit: mar-may.
Pollinators: Small bees
Seed dispersers: Bats and arboreal mammals?