- leaves glabrous, lanceolate, with strong rank odor
- lateral veins sunken above creating a pleated appearance
- tubular cream-green flowers
- shiny purple-black elliptic berries
Description: Tree, reproductive at 4-10 m tall, reaching 22 cm dbh, leaves to 5 x 13 cm, alternate and solitary, membranous, lanceolate, lateral veins sunken above creating a bullate appearance, strong rank odor even in undamaged leaves, tubular cream-green flowers 15-18 mm, on short axillary and terminal inflorescences, fruit 6-10 mm, a shiny purple-black elliptic berry.
Local distribution: Pacific slope from 1000 to 1400m.
Species range: Belize to Brazil
Habitat: Roadside, forest edge, rarely in forest light gaps.
Phenology: Flower: mar-may. Fruit: apr-jun.
Seed dispersers: Birds
Comments: Notable for its extremely pungent rank odor. Leaves usually bent upward on the margins forming a V in cross-section.