Witheringia coccoloboides (Dammer) Hunz.
SolanaceaePotato Family

Flowering habit
Flowering habit
Fruiting habit
Fruiting habit



Identification
  - leaves matte green above, not shiny
  - flowers dull orange, small
  - bright red 1 cm berries

Description: A shrub or treelet reproductive at 1-2.5 m, stems semi-woody and esily broken; petioles to 5 cm, leaves paired, distichous, glabrous, to 9 x 18 cm, elliptic, minor leaves about 60% as long as major and more ovate, upper side matt green, not shiny; flowers almost sessile between leaf pairs, up to 20 per node, pedicels to 2 cm, calyx 3 mm wide, unlobed, corolla lobes 5-6 mm, dull orange, glabrous except on margin, anthers 2.5 mm, dull orange; fruit a bright red berry to 10 mm long.

Similar species
Witheringia meiantha
Witheringia solanacea

Local distribution: Cloud forest on both slopes, mostly above 1550 m.

Species range: Costa Rica to Colombia

Habitat: Road cuts, landslides, large light gaps, and pastures especially on ridges and peaks exposed to the trade winds.

Herbivores
Ithomia patilla

Phenology: Flower: mar-may, nov. Fruit: apr-may. Flowers and fruit during most of the year.

Pollinators: Bombus and other bees.

Seed dispersers: Birds

Comments: This species generally grows higher than W. meiantha and is especially common in places exposed to the mists brought in by northeast trade winds, while meiantha grows more commonly in light areas inside the forest and forest edge where protected from the wind.



Credits: Images and text copyright 2002-2006 by William A. Haber, http://efg.cs.umb.edu/