- shrub of pastures and roadsides with short curved spines.
- leaves paired, pubescent, with short lateral lobes.
- fowers small, white with yellow anthers.
- fruit are small orange berries.
Description: Erect or sprawling shrubs to 3 m tall; armed with short curved spines; leaves paired, subequal, 7-10 cm long, with dense stellate hairs, somewhat rhombic with 2-3 short lateral lobes; flower about 1 cm across, with corolla white, the narrow lobes stellate pubescent externally, yellow anthers; fruit to 1 cm, a globose, red-orange berry.
Local distribution: Atlantic lowlands up to about 800 m.
Species range: Southern U.S. to South America and Antilles.
Habitat: Overgrown pastures, roadsides, and secondary areas.
Phenology: Throughout the year.
Seed dispersers: Birds
Comments: This species can form dense thickets that are difficult to penetrate because of the sharp spines. It barely reaches the 700 m cutoff for our flora study area at Poco Sol.