Lycianthes furcastistellata Bitter
SolanaceaePotato Family

Fruit
Fruit



Identification
  - liana of high cloud forest
  - densely hairy paired leaves
  - blue flowers with fused lobes
  - round red-orange berries

Description: Liana, mature at 2-8 m; stems woody, pubescent with stalked stellate hairs; leaves often paired, densely pubescent, petioles to 2 cm, blades to 5 x 8 cm, stiff erect hairs above, stalked stellate hairs below, ovate, apex acute, base rounded, 4-5 lateral veins, expressed above and below, minor leaf 70% as long as major leaf; flowers almost sessile, arising between leaf pairs, pubescent, pedicel 2 cm, calyx 3-4 mm long, plus 10 linear lobes, 2-3 mm long, corolla 20 mm long, lavender, lobes webbed to apex, anthers 7 mm, slender, beige with purple shading, style 9 mm, style and ovary glabrous; fruit a globose berry to 15 mm, bright red-orange when mature.

Similar species
Lycianthes multiflora

Local distribution: High peaks and ridges in cloud forest (Ventana, TV towers, Chomogo Trail).

Species range: Costa Rica

Habitat: Sunny trails and road sides, especially in sites exposed to the northeast trade winds.

Phenology: Flower: mar-may, nov. Fruit: jun-jul, sep.

Pollinators: Bees

Seed dispersers: Birds

Comments: No ithomiine butterflies are known to use this species at Monteverde.



Credits: Images and text copyright 2002-2006 by William A. Haber, http://efg.cs.umb.edu/