Narcissus spp.Liliaceae
Whole Plant
Whole Plant
Whole PlantWhole PlantFlowerFlower
Photos (c) Cheryl Comeau Beaton unless otherwise noted


  • Narcissus

The Plant:

  • An erect, herbaceous perennial, 6-24 inches tall, grown from bulbs.

The Leaves:

  • linear
  • strap-like
  • basal
  • 3/4 inches wide
  • up to 15 inches long
  • glaucous green

The Stem:

  • flower stems erect
  • stiff
  • papery sheath at flower base

The Flowers:

  • Yellow six-petaled flowers with long tubular coronas. One to several flowers grow per scape. The salver form has a white or yellow perianth.

The Fruits:

  • elongated fruit

The Habitat:

  • full sun
  • gardens
  • roadsides


  • can spread through bulblets
  • still planted

Key ID Features:

  • strap-like leaves
  • papery sheath at base of flower
  • trumpet shaped corona
  • perianth and corona may have different colors


  • Daffodils easily naturalize and its bulbs rapidly multiply.
  • On Nantucket, they were once planted along roadsides throughout the island by the Garden Club. Daffodil Day, with the Daffodil parade, is a big island event. In many cases, the plants have spread into wooded areas adjacent to the roads where they were planted, potentially impacting lady slipper habitat. Because they are so widely planted, they are often transported in soil following land excavation.
  • Some people that do their own yard work may dump their yard waste in the Moors, thinking it is harmless mulch, leading to daffodils and other garden bulbs sprouting up in natural places.

Growth Form: Herb

Origin: Europe; Mediterranean

Level of Invasiveness for Nantucket: Do not list at this time

Level of Invasiveness for Massachusetts: Not evaluated

Massachusetts Cultivation Restrictions: no

Credits: The Electronic Field Guide to the Invasive Plants of Nantucket (c) 2005-2006 Maria Mitchell Association, EFG Project, UMass Boston