- Leucanthemum vulgare
- L. leucanthemum
- ox-eye daisy, field daisy, white daisy
- An herbaceous perennial, 1-3 feet tall.
- decreasing in size up the stem
- basal and lower leaves lanceolate, toothed, long petioles
- upper leaves alternate, narrow, clasping
- long slender
- smooth, frequently grooved
- sometimes branched at tops
- Typical daisy-shaped flowers. Yellow disk (center) flowers have 20-30 white ray florets radiating from center. Petals are notched at tips.
- brown to black
- white ridges down the sides
- pastures, fields, meadows, roadsides, waste areas
- abundantly-produced seeds are easily spread through contact by humans, animals, vehicles and water
- also reproduces vegetatively by rhizomes
Key ID Features:
- basal and lower leaves lance shaped
- upper leaves alternate
- daisy-like flower
- notched at tips
- white ray flowers with yellow disk flowers (center)
- Shasta daisy (Leucanthemum maximum) is a commonly planted garden flower which resembles Oxeye daisy, though it is a much more robust plant, with toothed, lanceolate leaves up to 9 inches long.
- Oxeye daisy was planted as an ornamental and escaped through its heavy seed production. It was planted and utilized in home remedies, such as curing whooping cough, asthma, and as a tea for its antispasmodic properties. Also the young leaves are eaten in salads. It is a common seed in wildflower mixes sold at garden centers, care should be taken when purchasing these commercial seed mixes.
- On Nantucket, this is a fairly common species. More information is needed to determine whether it is displacing native species where it invades.
Growth Form: Herb
Level of Invasiveness for Nantucket: Likely Invasive
Level of Invasiveness for Massachusetts: Not evaluated
Massachusetts Cultivation Restrictions: no