- A vine that climbs via aerial rootlets, also a creeping groundcover. An evergreen plant that is shrub-like when mature.
- dark green
- white veins
- juvenile form 3 to 5 lobed
- mature form not lobed, diamond to round
- light brown
- shallow ridges and furrows when old
- seen growing up buildings, trees, and fences
- Greenish-white five-petaled flowers grow in a globe-shaped umbel. Found with the lobeless, adult form of leaves.
- berry like
- black drupe
- 0.25 inches diameter
- a generalist - full sun to dense shade
- moist, organic soils
- moderately salt tolerant
Key ID Features:
- dark green leaves, white veins
- young leaves 3-5 lobed
- green-white flowers
- black berry-like fruit
- English ivy may be confused with other native climbing vines, including Wild grape (Vitis spp.), Dutchman?s pipe (Aristolochia macrophylla), and the non-native Cinnamon vine (Dioscorea oppositifolia).
- Commonly a garden escape, seen growing as a ground cover, up building sides or trimmed into a hedge. Hedera helix can cause economic and ecological harm as it can damage and bring down mature trees and prevent the germination of native plants through light exclusion.
- On Nantucket, this species is known to set fruit, even on low-lying vines. However, more information is needed about its presence and ability to spread in minimally managed habitats.
Growth Form: Vine
Level of Invasiveness for Nantucket: Likely Invasive
Level of Invasiveness for Massachusetts: Not evaluated
Massachusetts Cultivation Restrictions: no