- Codlins and cream, European fireweed
- An herbaceous perennial that spreads through rhizomes.
- sharply toothed
- upper and lower surfaces pubescent
- pubescent 1.5-6.5 feet tall
- Rose colored four-petaled flowers that grow from leaf axils. Petal bases are pubescent.
- 2-3 inches long, skinny capsules, green drying to brown
- split open into four pieces to reveal oblong, flat seeds attached to tufts of long, white hairs
- moist, wet soils, semi-aquatic areas
- wet meadow
- open areas
- full sun
- spreads vegetatively by rhizomes
- wind-dispersed seeds are a secondary means of spread
Key ID Features:
- hairy leaves
- pink flowers
- 4 petals
- seeds tufted with white hairs
- Freweed (Epilobium angustifolium)
- The leaves of E. angustifolium are longer and hairless.
- Hairy Willow Herb can out crowd native plants in wetland areas.
- On Nantucket, this species is restricted to wetlands. It is known in only four or five locations, but at those locations it exists as a monoculture.
Growth Form: Herb
Origin: Europe, Asia, North Africa
Level of Invasiveness for Nantucket: Invasive
Level of Invasiveness for Massachusetts: Likely Invasive
Massachusetts Cultivation Restrictions: importation ban, propagation ban