- Succory, Blue sailors, Blue daisy, Coffee-weed, Bunk
- An unbranched, herbaceous perennial, 2-4 feet tall, with leaves in a basal rosette.
- basal, dandelion-like
- stem leaves alternate
- lobed or entire
- nearly leafless stems
- few, short, stiff hairs
- exudes milky sap when wounded
- Stalkless flowers with blue, violet, sometimes white, or rarely pink, with many petals. Petal tips are square and fringed. Flowers close during mid-day.
- dry brown achenes
- short blunt scales at tip
- disturbed areas
Key ID Features:
- clear blue flower
- dandelion-like basal leaves
- petal tips square and fringed
- stiff plant
- The leaves of Dandelion (Taraxacum officinale) strongly resembles the basal rosette of Chicory, but Dandelion leaves generally have oppositely arranged toothed lobes that point backwards, while Chicory has lobes that generally alternate and point in variable directions. Chicory has coarser leaf hairs and rougher textured leaves than Dandelion.
- The ground-up roots of this species are still used today as a coffee substitute.
- On Nantucket, this is a common roadside weed.
Growth Form: Herb
Origin: Europe, Asia
Level of Invasiveness for Nantucket: Do not list at this time
Level of Invasiveness for Massachusetts: Not evaluated
Massachusetts Cultivation Restrictions: no