- Dame's violet, Sweet rocket, Mother-of-the-evening
- An erect herbaceous biennial or perennial, reaching 1.5-4 feet tall.
- 2-4 inches long
- lance shaped
- pubescent stem
- sessile or short petioles
- toothed margins
- Fragrant pink, purple, or white four-petaled flowers, 2.5 inches wide, grow in terminal racemes. Blooms from May to June.
- 2-4 inches long siliques
- green turning brown
- many seeds
- rich open woods, wetlands, roadsides, gardens
- seeds are ejected from the plant when pods open
- sometimes still planted
Key ID Features:
- lanced shaped leaves and stem hairy
- fragrant, pink, purple, or white flowers
- Dame's rocket closely resembles Phlox species, but has 4 separate petals and alternate leaves, while Phlox has 5 fused petals and opposite leaves.
- Typically seen as a basal rosette during its first year of growth. It is typically spread by seed in nature and by the purchase of wildflower seed mixes by unsuspecting gardeners.
- On Nantucket, this species can be found at the Sconset Dump.
Growth Form: Herb
Level of Invasiveness for Nantucket: Likely Invasive
Level of Invasiveness for Massachusetts: Invasive
Massachusetts Cultivation Restrictions: importation ban, propagation ban