Bogs and Acidic Peatlands of Southern New England by Marsha C. Salett
Calamagrostis canadensis (Michx.) Beauv.
POACEAE (Grass Family)
EtymologyCalamagrostis means reed grass, from the Greek: kalamos = reed + agrostis = field grass; canadensis is Latin for from or of Canada.
Synonyms (Common Name)Reed-bentgrass
DescriptionGrowing in large colonies, bluejoint is a perennial grass that reaches 1 1/2 - 5' tall. Bluejoint's small spikelets are clustered on many, slender branches and give its terminal panicle a delicate appearance and a purplish to tawny hue.
Wetland indicator statusFACW+
Plant Height1.5-5 feet
LeavesLinear, flat, to 10" long, 1/8-3/8" wide; rough; tufts of leafy branches develop in axils of upper leaves.
Flower/InflorescenceTerminal panicle 3- 10" long, open; loose, nodding; spikelets borne on many slender branches; spikelets to 1/4" long, pointed, single flowered, tawny-yellow to purple; tuft of hairs at base of awned lemma; glumes are longer than lemmas. Inflorescence is pyramidal when in bloom; afterwards, it closes up, becoming dense and cylindrical.
Flowering PeriodJune-August
HabitatOpen wet woods, bogs, swamps, marshes, wet meadows.
RangeGreenland to Alaska; south to North Carolina, Missouri, and Arizona.
(c) 1998-2006 Marsha C. Salett