Bogs and Acidic Peatlands of Southern New England by Marsha C. Salett
Carex stricta Lam.
CYPERACEAE (Sedge Family)
EtymologyCarex is the classical Latin name for sedge; stricta is Latin for upright.
DescriptionA tall perennial sedge to 3 1/2' tall, tussock sedge usually grows in large, rounded clumps -- called tussocks -- for which it is named. The dense clumps often support the weight of hikers hoping to keep their feet dry by hopping from tussock to tussock.
Wetland indicator statusOBL
Plant Heightto 3.5 feet
LeavesRough, to 30" long, to 1/4" wide, lower sheaths distinctively red-brown; sheathless leafy bract below female spike is shorter than the inflorescence.
Flower/InflorescenceSeparate male and female spikes. Staminate (M): 1-2 spikes, terminal, erect, long and narrow, brownish -tan. Pistillate (F): 2-6 spikes, often overlapping, erect, cylindrical, to 2 1/2" long, sessile or short-stalked; scales reddish-brown to purplish-brown, lance-shaped to oblong; perigynia nearly flat to egg-shaped, tapering to a tiny, straight beak, 2-ribbed.
FruitAchene, lens-shaped.
Fruiting PeriodJune-August.
HabitatBogs, swamps, marshes, wet meadows, wet woods, river and pond margins.
RangeNova Scotia to Manitoba; south to Virginia and Texas.
(c) 1998-2006 Marsha C. Salett