Bogs and Acidic Peatlands of Southern New England by Marsha C. Salett
Taxonomy
Solidago uliginosa Nutt.
ASTERACEAE (Composite Family)
EtymologySolidago is from the Latin, solido = to heal, because goldenrods were reputed to have healing qualities; uliginosa is Latin for of marshes or damp places.
Synonyms (Common Name)Swamp Goldenrod, Northern Bog Goldenrod, Marsh Goldenrod
DescriptionThe only goldenrod species that occurs in bogs in New England, swamp goldenrod is a medium to tall (to 5') perennial herb that grows singly or in small groups. Its leaves become progressively smaller toward the top of the stem, where they are greatly reduced. Swamp goldenrod's terminal cluster of yellow flowers is longer than it is broad.
Wetland indicator statusOBL
Plant Height2-5 feet
LeavesAlternate, simple, smooth, of 2 types: basal and lower stem leaves -- up to 14" long, toothed, narrowly to broadly oblanceolate to elliptical, long stalks with base that sheathes the stem; upper stem leaves -- progressively smaller and reduced, sessile (unstalked), not toothed.
Flower/InflorescenceYellow, small (1/4") in slightly curved, one-sided clusters from the upper leaf axils, most of which form a terminal cluster to 12" tall, longer than it is broad.
Flowering PeriodAugust-October
FruitAchene, tiny ribbed, tipped with plume of fine bristles.
HabitatBogs, wooded swamps.
RangeNewfoundland to Minnesota; south to Maryland and Indiana; mountains to Tennessee and North Carolina.
(c) 1998-2006 Marsha C. Salett