Bogs and Acidic Peatlands of Southern New England by Marsha C. Salett
Taxonomy
Gaylussacia dumosa var. bigeloviana (Andr.) T. and G.
ERICACEAE (Heath Family)
EtymologyGaylussacia is named for the French chemist, Joseph Gay-Lussac (1778-1850), known for his Law for Combining Volumes (of gases); dumosa is Latin for shrubby or bushy.
Synonyms (Common Name)Bog Huckleberry, Gopherberry
DescriptionThe smallest of the huckleberries, dwarf huckleberry is a slender, low (4-20"), deciduous, ericaceous shrub that grows from creeping, underground rhizomes. Dwarf huckleberry is much less common than black huckleberry (G. baccata) and grows primarily near the coastal plain in wet sand or peat.
Wetland indicator statusFAC
Plant Height4-20 inches
LeavesDeciduous, alternate, simple, entire, 13/16 -- 1 5/8" long; obovate to oblanceolate; upper leaves shiny and dark green, lower leaves resinous; leaves and twigs are glandular-hairy.
Flower/InflorescenceWhite, pink, or red; small (to 5/16"), bell-shaped; arranged in racemes with leafy bracts.
Flowering PeriodMay-July
FruitBerrylike drupe, small (1/4"), black, hairy, with ten nutlet-like seeds; not sweet.
Fruiting PeriodAugust-October.
HabitatBogs and wet, sandy soils or peat.
RangeNewfoundland to Virginia, along or near coastal plain.
(c) 1998-2006 Marsha C. Salett