Bogs and Acidic Peatlands of Southern New England by Marsha C. Salett
Taxonomy
Photinia x floribunda (Lindl.)
ROSACEAE (Rose Family)
EtymologyPhotinia derives from "photos," the Greek word for light, in reference to the shining leaves; floridbunda means free-flowering or profusely flowering, from the Latin: florus = flowered + bundus = in the process of.
DescriptionThe chokeberries are difficult to tell apart even with careful observation and a good hand lens. All three are deciduous, broad-leaved, colonial shrubs that grow 2-10 feet tall. Purple chokeberry is the hybrid between P. arbutifolia and P. melanocarpa, and may occur with or without one of the parent species nearby.
Wetland indicator statusFACW
Plant Height2-10 feet
LeavesDeciduous, alternate, simple, finely-toothed margins; 1 3/16 -- 2 3/4" long; elliptical, ovate, or lanceolate, abruptly pointed tip; black glands on the midvein of the upper leaf surface; underside may be somewhat hairy as are branchlets, leaf stalks and flower stalks.
Flower/InflorescenceWhite or pinkish, about 1/2" wide, 5 petals; in terminal clusters with (usually) hairy stalks.
Flowering PeriodApril-June
FruitBerry-like pome, purple or blackish-purple, small (1/4"), 5-parted; on (usually) hairy stalks.
Fruiting PeriodSeptember-November, persisting into winter.
HabitatBogs, swamps, and wet woods.
RangeNewfoundland to Ontario, south to Illinois, Ohio and North Carolina.
(c) 1998-2006 Marsha C. Salett