Bogs and Acidic Peatlands of Southern New England by Marsha C. Salett
Taxonomy
Rosa nitida Willd.
ROSACEAE (Rose Family)
EtymologyRosa is the Latin name for rose; nitida is from the Latin for shiny, glossy, or lustrous.
Synonyms (Common Name)Bristly Rose, Shiny Rose
DescriptionA low, slender, thorny shrub of wooded swamps, pond margins, and bog borders, northeastern rose grows only to 3' high. It gets its other name, bristly rose, from the straight, slender prickles that profusely cover all of the stems from the base of old canes to the stalks of its pink flowers.
Wetland indicator statusFACW+
Plant Height.5-3 feet
LeavesDeciduous, alternate, odd-pinnately compound with 7 or usually 9 leaflets; base of main leaf stalk has glandular -hairy stipules that widen at the tip. Leaflets: narrowly elliptical to oblong, pointed at both ends, finely toothed, 1/2" to less than 2" long, shiny, dark green above, paler and smooth below.
Flower/InflorescencePink, 1 1/2 - 2" wide, 5 petals, 5 sepals, borne singly or in small clusters, fragrant.
Flowering PeriodJune-July
FruitBony achenes encased in a red, roundish, bristly-hairy, fleshy structure commonly called a hip; 3/8" in diameter, sepals are soon shed.
Fruiting PeriodJuly-September.
HabitatBogs, wooded swamps, pond margins.
RangeNewfoundland to Quebec, south to Connecticut.
(c) 1998-2006 Marsha C. Salett