Bogs and Acidic Peatlands of Southern New England by Marsha C. Salett
Taxonomy
Carex folliculata L.
CYPERACEAE (Sedge Family)
EtymologyCarex is the classical Latin name for sedge; folliculata is Latin for: bearing follicles, which are dry, one-chambered seed capsules that split along a single edge.
Synonyms (Common Name)Follicled Sedge
DescriptionA perennial sedge to 3' tall, long-culmed sedge forms dense clumps in bogs and swamps. Male and female flowers are on separate, stalked spikes. The terminal male spike is slender; female spikes are stout, somewhat egg-shaped, drooping, and loose-flowered.
Wetland indicator statusOBL
Plant Heightto 3 feet
LeavesTo 5/8" wide; long, leafy bracts extend beyond the inflorescence.
Flower/InflorescenceMale and female flowers on separate spikes. Staminate (M): single terminal spike, erect, 1/2-1" long, thin-cylindrical. Pistillate (F): 2-5, erect, stalked (lowest spike long-stalked), widely separated, egg-shaped, to 1 1/4" long, scales egg-shaped; perigynia loosely ascending; large (3/8-5/8"), lance-shaped, tapering to a short-toothed beak.
FruitAchene, triangular; slender, persistent style.
Fruiting PeriodJune-August.
HabitatBogs, coniferous and deciduous swamps, wet woods.
RangeNewfoundland to Wisconsin; south to Florida and Louisiana.
(c) 1998-2006 Marsha C. Salett