Bogs and Acidic Peatlands of Southern New England by Marsha C. Salett
Taxonomy
Lysimachia terrestris (L.) BSP.
PRIMULACEAE (Primrose Family)
EtymologyLysimachia is either named for King Lysimachos of Thrace or is derived from the Greek word "lysimachos:" lysis = release or loosening + machos = strife; hence the English name loosestrife; terrestris is Latin for growing on land or in the ground.
Synonyms (Common Name)Yellow Loosestrife, Bulbil-loosestrife, Swamp loosestrife
DescriptionA colonial, perennial herb to 3' tall, swamp-candles bear loose, terminal spikes of star-like, yellow flowers.
Wetland indicator statusOBL
Plant Height1-3 feet
LeavesOpposite, simple, entire, 2-4" long; lanceolate, punctate -- dotted with pits or glands.
Flower/InflorescenceYellow, streaked with dark reddish lines; small (1/4-1/2"), 5 petals; singly on long stalks along a terminal spike to 10" tall.
Flowering PeriodJune-August
FruitSmall (1/4"), roundish capsule, brown, 5-parted; on terminal spike.
HabitatSwamps, marshes, wet meadows, pond margins.
RangeNewfoundland to Minnesota, south to Georgia and Tennessee.
(c) 1998-2006 Marsha C. Salett