Bogs and Acidic Peatlands of Southern New England by Marsha C. Salett
Taxonomy
Platanthera blephariglottis var. blephariglottis (Willd.) Lindl.
ORCHIDACEAE (Orchid Family)
EtymologyPlathanthera means wide or flat-anthered, from the Greek: platys = flat, wide, or broad + anthos = flower; blephariglottis means fringed mouth, from the Greek: blepharis = eyelash + glottis = mouth.
DescriptionA perennial herb of wet and semi-wooded peatlands, white fringed orchid grows to 3' feet tall. Its showy, terminal spike of 10-20 white flowers covers a quarter to a third of the stalk. The long, curved spur below the fringed lip is filled with nectar.
Wetland indicator statusOBL
Plant Height1-3 feet
LeavesAlternate, simple, entire; lower 1-3 leaves linear or narrowly lanceolate, 3-10" long; upper leaves reduced.
Flower/InflorescenceWhite, 1/2" long, 10-20 flowers on terminal spike up to 8" long; sepals longer than petals; lip longer, narrowly oval, single-lobed, with fringed margin; spur is slender, long (5/8 - 1" or more), curved.
Flowering PeriodJuly-August
FruitCapsule with 3 partitions.
HabitatBogs, conifer swamps, Sphagnum fens.
RangeNewfoundland to Michigan, south to New Jersey.
(c) 1998-2006 Marsha C. Salett