Bogs and Acidic Peatlands of Southern New England by Marsha C. Salett
Taxonomy
Pogonia ophioglossoides (L.) Ker-Gawl
ORCHIDACEAE (Orchid Family)
EtymologyPogonia means bearded, from the Greek, pogon = beard; ophioglossoides means like a snake's tongue, from the Greek: ophis = snake + glossa = tongue + oides = resembles.
Synonyms (Common Name)Snake-mouth, Beard-flower
DescriptionA fragrant orchid, rose pogonia grows 8-16" tall, often forming large colonies in sunny, open bogs, fens and wet meadows. Rose pink, but sometimes lavender or white, rose pogonia has a heavily fringed lip bearded with yellow. The flowers occur singly or in pairs, rarely 3-4, at the top of the stem.
Wetland indicator statusOBL
Plant Height8-16 inches
LeavesSolitary (usually), simple, entire, lanceolate to oblong-ovate, to 4" long; near middle of stem; may also have one long, basal leaf; leaf-like bract grows just below flower.
Flower/InflorescenceRose pink to lavender (rarely white), 3/4 - 1 1/4" long; fragrant; solitary or in pairs; sepals and petals similar in size, separate, spreading, arched over lip; drooping lip with heavily fringed margin and yellow, bearded center.
Flowering PeriodJune-July
FruitCapsule, somewhat oval, with 3 partitions.
RangeNewfoundland to Minnesota; south to Florida and Texas.
(c) 1998-2006 Marsha C. Salett