- Leaves simple, alternate with translucent yellow, or opaque red, dots and dashes.
- Leaves often thick with obscure lateral veins.
- Flowers 5-parted with fused corolla, often like Solanum in shape.
- Fruit fleshy with a one seed.
Diagnosis: Trees, shrubs and hemi-epiphytes, without stipules, leaves simple, alternate with red (often opaque) or translucent yellow dots and dashes, puntations also on leaf and petiole surfaces, secondary veins often inconspicuous and leaves fleshy, cut branches often with a black oozing secretion, leaf buds characteristically rolled.
Local distribution: Widespread.
|Rutaceae||: aromatic odor, only with yellow dots, no red or yellow dashes, no surface dots.
|Solanaceae||: lacks red or yellow dots and dashes, margin always entire.
|Theaceae||: lacks red or yellow dots and dashes.
Diversity: Total: 5 genera, 22 species. Trees: 4 genera, 14 species.