ViolaceaeViolet family






Identification
  - Leaves simple, alternate, serrate, distichous or spiraled.
  - Leaves simple, opposite, crenate.
  - With stipules
  - Flowers weakly zygomorphic, whitish, with one differently shaped petal.
  - Fruit are capsules with 3 valves or berries.

Diagnosis: Trees, treelets and herbs, with stipules, leaves simple, mostly serrate, flowers inconspicuously bilaterally symmetric. 1. Leaves alternate, serrate or crenate, distichous (Gloeospermum) or spiraled (Hybanthus). 2. Leaves opposite (ours), weakly crenate, understory treelets of lower Pacific slope (Rinorea).

Similar families
Flacourtiaceae: tertiary veins at mid-leaf perpendicular to midvein, some with translucents dots and dashes.
Malpighiaceae: leaf margin entire, T-shaped hairs.
Myrtaceae: leaf margin entire, without stipules, with translucent yellow dots and aromatic odor.

Diversity: Total: 2 genera, 3 species. Treelets: 1 genus, 2 species.



Credits: Images and text copyright 2000-2007, William A. Haber, http://efg.cs.umb.edu/