MonimiaceaeMonimia family

  - Leaves simple, opposite, serrate.
  - Without stipules.
  - Some with strong perfumy aromatic odor and stellate hairs.
  - Flowers
  - Fruit a dehiscent fleshy capsule with arillate seeds or a receptacle with several stalked fruit-lets.

Diagnosis: Small trees, without stipules, leaves simple, opposite, usually serrate. 1. With strong aromatic odor like toilet cleaner, stellate hairs, incomplete inter-petiolar ridge (Siparuna). 2. Glabrous, no odor, sparse sharp teeth in distal half of blade, no inter-petiolar ridge (Mollinedia).

Similar families
Annonaceae: Mollinedia fruits are strikingly similar to those of Guatteria and related genera.
Celastraceae: margin crenate, without sharp teeth, minute stipules.
Caprifoliaceae: few lateral veins, margin entire or with few glandular teeth in basal half.
Malpighiaceae: with stipules, lacking aromatic odor.
Myrtaceae: leaf margin entire, pellucid dots.
Verbenaceae: without sharp teeth, interpetiolar ridge, angular twigs.

Diversity: Total: 2 genera, 8 species. Trees: 2 genera, 3 species.

Credits: Images and text copyright 2000-2007, William A. Haber,