BoraginaceaeBorage family

  - Leaves simple, alternate, without stipules.
  - Sympodial growth pattern.
  - Pale inner bark often oxidizes rapidly to orange-brown.
  - Flowers 5-parted with fused corolla, trees mostly dioecious.
  - Fruit a 4-seeded berry-like drupe.

Diagnosis: Trees, shrubs, herbs and climbers, without stipules, leaves simple, alternate, entire, the branching often sympodial with forked twigs and a leaf or perpendicular twig arising at the fork, inner bark often oxidizes quickly to dull orange. Two genera have conspicuous scorpioid inflorescences.

Local distribution: Widespread.

Similar families
Lauraceae: aromatic odor, leaves always spiraled.

Diversity: Total: 5 genera, 19 species. Trees: 4 genera, 11 species.

Comments: Most of the tree species are somewhat secondary in habit, growing in pastures, secondary forest , and light gaps in mature forest.

Credits: Images and text copyright 2000-2007, William A. Haber,