- Leaves simple, alternate, without stipules.
- Sympodial growth pattern.
- Pale inner bark often oxidizes rapidly to orange-brown.
- Flowers 5-parted with fused corolla, trees mostly dioecious.
- Fruit a 4-seeded berry-like drupe.
Diagnosis: Trees, shrubs, herbs and climbers, without stipules, leaves simple, alternate, entire, the branching often sympodial with forked twigs and a leaf or perpendicular twig arising at the fork, inner bark often oxidizes quickly to dull orange. Two genera have conspicuous scorpioid inflorescences.
Local distribution: Widespread.
|Lauraceae||: aromatic odor, leaves always spiraled.
Diversity: Total: 5 genera, 19 species. Trees: 4 genera, 11 species.
Comments: Most of the tree species are somewhat secondary in habit, growing in pastures, secondary forest , and light gaps in mature forest.