ChloranthaceaeChloranthus family

  - Leaves simple, opposite, serrate or crenate.
  - Sheath-like interpetiolar stipule with fine teeth.
  - Aromatic odor.
  - Flowers unisexual, reduced and primitive, males on axillary catkins, females apetalous.
  - Fruit a small, white, and berry-like.

Diagnosis: Small trees or shrubs, aromatic odor, opposite serrate leaves, interpetiolar sheath-like stipule with fine teeth.

Local distribution: Cloud forest ridges and Atlantic slope rain forest.

Similar families
Gentianaceae: margin entire, no teeth on interpetiolar sheath.
Rubiaceae: margin entire, without aromatic odor.

Diversity: Total: 1 genus, 4 species. Trees: 1 genus, 3 species.

Comments: Considered to be one of the most primitive angiosperm families.

Credits: Images and text copyright 2000-2007, William A. Haber,