Leaves alternate, simple or palmately lobed;
- stipules well developed and free
- petiole with double pulvinus
- stellate hairs
- stringy bark with mucilage
- flower with a second ring of calyx lobes (epicalyx)
- staminal column surrounding style, numerous stamens
Diagnosis: Small shrubs, trees, and climbers, usually with large free stipules, leaves simple, alternate, sometimes palmately lobed, serrate, petiole with apical pulvinus, stellate hairs and mucilage, flower with a second ring of calyx appendages (epicalyx).
Local distribution: Widespread.
|Euphorbiaceae||: latex usually present, nectar glands, without mucilage.
|Flacourtiaceae||: without mucilage, hairs usually simple.
|Tiliaceae||(and other Malvales): often large trees, stamens only fused at base.
Diversity: Total: 9 genera, 16 species. Trees: 3 genera, 3 species.