- Semi-herbaceous unbranched treelets to large trees.
- Leaves palmately compound with 3 to numerous leaflets or simple and lobed.
- Watery white latex.
- Without stipules.
- Some with spiny stems.
- Tubular, cream-white flowers, 5-parted, fragrant at night.
- Fruit a large berry.
Diagnosis: 1. Weak-stemmed trees or herb-like treelets with little stem branching, watery white latex, without stipules, leaves alternate, palmately veined and deeply lobed, the lobes often with secondary divisions. 2. Soft-wooded trees, with white latex, sometimes with trunk spines, without stipules, leaves alternate, palmately compound with 3-7 leaflets.
Local distribution: Both slopes, but not reaching the cloud forest.
|Bombacaceae||: no latex, stipules and mucilage, tough wood.
|Capparidaceae||(Forchhammeria): no latex, with stipules, some simple leaves present, tough wood.
|Euphorbiaceae||: stipules, petiole glands.
|Fabaceae||: bean odor, stipules, free petals.
|Hernandiaceae||(Gyrocarpus): rank or garlic odor in leaf and bark.
|Rutaceae||(Casimiroa): translucent dots, aromatic odor.
|Sapindaceae||(Allophyllus): no latex, leaflets serrate.
Diversity: Total: 2 genera, 4 species. Trees: 2 genera, 3 species.
Comments: Includes the cultivated Papaya (Carica papaya), which often grows in the wild.