BignoniaceaeTrumpet-creeper family






Identification
  - Without stipules.
  - Leaves simple and alternate or opposite and pinnate or palmate.
  - Flowers with broad tubes and frilly lobes.
  - Fruits long, slender pods with many winged seeds.
  - Simple-leaved species with indehiscent, calabash-like fruits.

Diagnosis: 1. Trees, without stipules, leaves simple, alternate, spiraled, rarely arising in small clusters along twigs, entire, oblanceolate with short swollen petioles (Amphitecna). 2. Trees, without stipules, leaves opposite, palmately compound (Godmania, Tabebuia). 3. Trees or shrubs, without stipules, leaves opposite, odd-pinnate, leaflets serrate (Tecoma).

Local distribution: Most diverse in the dry Pacific lowlands.

Similar families
Bombacaceae: leaves alternate, stipules and mucilage.
Brunelliaceae: stipules present.
Hippocastanaceae: only three leaflets.
Rutaceae: translucent yellow dots.
Staphyleaceae: with stipules.

Diversity: Total: 12 genera, 16 species. Trees: 4 genera, 7 species.

Comments: Only Amphitecna commonly occurs in the cloud forest and rainforest on the upper Atlantic slope. The Tabebuia species and Tecoma often flower en mass, presenting a floral display visible far across the landscape.



Credits: Images and text copyright 2000-2007, William A. Haber, http://efg.cs.umb.edu/